BRASÍLIA: capital of national integration
This article aims to explain the settling of Brasília, new Brazil ́s capital. The analysis will be based on three variables:
1) the social facts that justified the new capital project;
2) the natural aspects that shaped the geographical location of the new capital;
3) the main aspects of the project and construction.
Methodologically, the article is conducted by a geographical analysis that combines social and natural aspects and the results on the territory. Technically, we used maps and images that help lectors to apprehend Brasilia ́s empirical reality. In the end, we drew some conclusions on Brasilia ́s current role in the country, pointing out to what proved effective from the previous project, what went wrong and further on what unexpectedly sprang.
As a Portuguese colony (from 1500 to 1822), Brazil´s role was limited to produce and export tropical products to Europe. As a result, the occupation was concentrated in the coastal areas where emerged the main ports and cities like Salvador, Recife, Rio de Janeiro. The first capital of the colony was Salvador (1549 to 1763), due to the vast sugar cane production based on slavery in the Northeastern region. Later, the discovery of gold in the Southeastern region led to the changing of the capital from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro (1763). The arrival of the Portuguese Royal Family to Rio de Janeiro, fleeing from Napoleon´s threat which brought more importance to the city that became capital of their Portuguese Empire, which included other colonies in Africa and Asia. Thus, why such a powerful city would lose the capital status in 1960? To answer to this question make clear the main aspects that shaped the new capital, Brasília, we analysed three variables as follows.
to read full article please click on
BRASÍLIA - capital of national integration 29Fev