New form of terrorism: Iranian dams desiccate Iraq, Kurdistan

Iran has created and aggravated the water shortage crisis in Iraq. For decades, the Shiite country has constructed dams and diverted tributaries of rivers that stem from its territories. Analysts have explained Tehran's hostile measures as an exercise of political pressures onFederal Government andRegion Government. Others say it is a pre-empt measure in anticipation of a water war within the coming few years. Iranian dams The recently constructed dam on Zei Bchuk or Littlein the Kurdish city of Sardasht is not the first Iranian dam. A Sky News Arabiya report in January 2017 revealed thathad established a number of dams on the Sirwan River. The river, tributary of theoriginates inand runs mainly through Eastern Iraq. Four years ago,dried off the Alwand River that has played a significant role in cultivating land and establishing a strong rural society in Kurdistan. The dams created an 80 percent reduction of water flow across the border into the city of Qaladze. On Sunday,minister of Agriculture and Water Resources, Abdul Sattar Majeed  warned that about 80,000 people inare without drinking water Kurdish threats  Majeed also announced the flow of water to the south and center ofwould be reduced by about 130 cubic meters per second in response to the Iranian measures. He described the decision as “not political in nature” as the Kurdish Region has to provide water for its own citizens. “We are forced to keep more water because we need it for drinking water, we are forced to open less water to the rest of Iraq," Majeed told reporters.He accusedof lacking “human, Islamic or neighborly” values, calling upon the Iraqi government to interfere to solve the crisis. Kurdistan referendum Majeed connected the "sudden" Iranian cut off the water from the Lowerwith the  coming Kurdish independence referendum due on 25 September, 2017. “The timing was not right,” Majeed said Sunday of the water cut because it coincided with the Eid holidays, and that the people in“would read into it” as related to the referendum. Iran, including the country's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei, and President Hassan Rouhani, have expressed their strong objection to the Kurdish referendum. Unjustified silence  Kurdish Change Movement MP Amin Bakr revealedwas building two big dams on zab river, slamming Iraqi inaction in this regard.The river will dry within the coming few days if the Iraqi government did not interfere with the Iranian government, Bakr warned. In late 2015, MP from theAlliance, Rankin Abdullah,  said the crisis had affected a million and a half acres in the province of Diyala.She added in a press statement that the water shortage will affectand the rest of Iraqi provinces in the south and the cities of theregion, calling for a delegation from Erbil andto go toto discuss the matter. Chairman of the Committee on Agriculture and Water Shiite MP Furat Tamimi, noted that the southern provinces, especially Basra would the most affected by the reduction of Water, not Kurdistan. Environmental disaster  The Center of Development Studies warned of a major environmental disaster in Iraq's eastern and southern provinces ifcontinued to build dams.The London-based center said Iran's measures left about 10% of Iraqi lands infertile, and thousands of villagers displaced. They also made the agricultural production of some crops indecrease by a large percentage, which in some years reached 80% with a significant deterioration in quality.It has also materially been detrimental to many projects including fish-raising projects, livestock, tourism, and many other projects. Additionally, the crisis led to the migration of many species of birds and emergence of dangerous snakes
Source :https://www.thebaghdadpost.com/en/Story/13862/New-form-of-terrorism-Iranian-dams-desiccate-Iraq-Kurdistan

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