National water agencies in EU countries, Asia and Africa
National water agencies in EU countries
In the European Union (EU), each member country has its own national water agencies or equivalent bodies responsible for the execution of water policies, management of water resources, and implementation of EU directives, such as the Water Framework Directive (WFD), at the national level. These agencies play a critical role in ensuring that water resources are managed sustainably, and water quality is maintained.
Here's a brief overview of the national water agencies or equivalent bodies in some EU countries:
Environment Agency (EA): Manages water resources in England.
Natural Resources Body for Wales (NRW): Oversees water resources in Wales.
Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA): Responsible for water in Scotland.
Northern Ireland Environment Agency (NIEA): Manages water resources in Northern Ireland.
Agence de l'eau: There are several regional water agencies in France that manage and supervise water resources.
Each federal state (Bundesland) in Germany has its own water authority that is responsible for water management.
Confederaciones Hidrográficas: These are basin organizations responsible for water management in various river basins across Spain.
District Basin Authorities: Italy has various district basin authorities that oversee water management in different regions.
Waterschappen (Water Boards): The Netherlands has regional water authorities responsible for water management, including water quality, quantity, and wastewater treatment.
Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management (SwAM): Responsible for the management of the utilization and protection of marine and freshwater environments.
Portuguese Environment Agency (APA): Manages water resources and oversees the implementation of the WFD in Portugal.
National Water Management Authority (KZGW): Responsible for water resource management in Poland.
Special Secretariat for Water: Falls under the Ministry of Environment and Energy and is responsible for water resources management.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Responsible for protecting and improving the environment, including overseeing water quality.
Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE): Plays a central role in research, assessment, and planning related to water resources.
These are just a few examples, and each agency may have its own subdivisions or specialized branches dealing with specific aspects of water management. Furthermore, it's essential to note that water management responsibilities can be fragmented among several agencies or departments within a given country.
Some National Water Development Agencies
The National Water Development Agency (NWDA), was set up in July 1982 as Autonomous Society under the societies registration act 1860, to carry out the water balance and other studies on a scientific and realistic basis for optimum utilization of water resources of the Peninsular river system for preparation of feasibility reports and thus to give concrete shape to Peninsular river development component of National perspective plan prepared by Central Water Commission and the then Ministry of Irrigation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation(DoWR, RD& GR)). In the year 1990, NWDA was also entrusted with the task of Himalayan Component of National Perspective Plan. In 2006, it was decided that NWDA will explore the feasibility of intra-states links and to take up the work for preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) of river link proposals under National Perspective Plan (NPP). The functions of NWDA were further modified MoWR resolution dated 19.05.2011 to undertake the work of preparation of DPRs of intra-State links. Recently on 7th Oct, 2016 the functions of NWDA were further modified to undertake implementation of ILR projects and completion of water resources projects under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) and to act as a repository of borrowed fund or loan from Banks / other institutions for the execution of projects.
Functions Of Water Works Development Agencies In Kenya
1. They undertake the development, maintenance, and management of the national public water works within the area of jurisdiction.
2. They operate waterworks and provide water services as a water service provider until when the responsibility for the operation and management of the waterworks is handed over to a county government, joint committee, authority of county governments or a water services provider within the area of jurisdiction.
3. They provide reserve capacity for purposes of providing water services.
4. They provide technical services and capacity building to county governments and water services providers.
5. Provision of technical support to the Cabinet Secretary of the Ministry of Water & Sanitation and Irrigation.