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Analysis and Synthesis -21st Century

Present Water Crises in Iraq and Its Human and Environmental Implications

Nadhir Al-Ansari1, Nasrat Adamo2 1Geotechnical Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, Lulea, Sweden 2Consultant Engineer, Norrköping, Sweden Abstract Iraq is facing a serious water shortage problem now, which has not been experienced before. This is because of the reduction of flow of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers which is due to the implementation of hydrological projects within the upstream part of the catchment and climate change. Mismanagement of water resources within Iraq made the problem graver. It is believed that serious discussion with all riparian countries to reach an agreement to share the water of the two rivers and their tributaries is desperately needed. In addition, a prudent scientific strategy should be implemented and put into practice to overcome this problem in Iraq. In addition, the key positions within the Iraqi Ministry of Water Resources should be given to people having real experience in the water resources sector to ensure discreet and prudent management of the problem. Keywords Euphrates, Tigris, Climate Change, Water Shortage, Iraq ENG_2018060615134168
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