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Vertical Farming as an Innovative Solution to Singapore’s Food Security Strategy

Dr. Thomas Masyk Beim Alten Fritz 6 89075 Ulm thomas.masyk@gmail.com 1. Abstract The supply of water, food and energy is essential and vital to humans and yet there are millions of people who have neither one nor the other, people who starve, suffer because of contaminated drinking water or are massively restricted in their development because they have no access to electricity. It is the task of politics and science to create the conditions that most people can enjoy both, an individual resilience against multiple threats as well as a life in cities that can guarantee a secured minimum level of supply. With the technology of hydroponics, aeroponics and aquaponics, food can be produced in nearly every place in the world without the use of soil and with a minimal use of water. Agrartechnologically, this corresponds to a quantum leap, which has so far been given too little attention. Small self-made or ready-to-go kits could ensure the supply of healthy and fresh food to every family in the developing world. On a large scale, it is the vertical farms and closed recycling loop-systems that can make whole cities more resilient and self-sufficient. In this paperit is shown how Singapore has chosen an ambitious way to reduce its dependence on food imports and to build up a reliable food security. The unique advantages of various vertical farming techniques are presented, as well as the efficiency of this technology and its profitability as evidenced in individual pilot projects worldwide. A scientific approach to the concept of resilience is given by a brief overview of current resilience theories. Singapore’s urban farming strategy is to be evaluated according to valid criteria of resilience, which again has to be assessed according to the specific characteristics and vulnerabilities of Singapore. Furthermore, it is conceived that the ecological, political, economic and social reality can only be adequately captured in a holistic, transdisciplinary approach that satisfies the distinction between the normative and the pragmatic requirements of resilience, and the fact that resilience is a gradual but not an absolute property.   in order to read the full report please click on Singapore_Paper_Masyk    

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