The Peece Water Pipeline  and  innovative hydro diplomacy

 

Is Turkey’s  “Peace Water Pipeline  Project ”  Worthwhile to be Considered Again ?

Dursun Yıldız

Director of Hydropolitics Academy of Turkey

06100-Ankara/TURKEY

dyildiz@hidropolitikakademi.org

ABSTRACT

After completion of the water pipeline project to Cyprus in 2017,  bulk water transfer projects to the Middle East has drown some more attention than before.Although implementation of the Red-Dead Sea Project hasn’t progressed well,  the Project has been considered as an alternative  for  bulk water transfer in the region

About 32 years ago in 1986 ,late Turkish President Turgut Özal had proposed a “Peace Water Pipeline Project” for the Midddle East water problems. The Project has drawn considerable attention and caused both negative and positive reactions.Political Feasibility and financing of the project had been argued more than it’s technical feasibility.

Preliminary studies on the project were initiated in 1986 .The ultimate aim of the Project was much beyond of the supplying  some water to the countries. The Project proposal mainly  aimed to create a process of confidence building and a cooperation environment on water that will help to contrubute to the stability and security of the region

During past  32 years after the Peace Water Pipeline Project proposed  ,  water demand has increased ,while the water management has been worse under the political and climatological effects in the region.

As many areas in the Middle East, Jordan is struggling with scarcity of rainfall, diminishing of water resources and increase in population . It is not ceratin yet if  the current water management  strategies and the suggested Red Sea- Dead Sea project will be enough to solve this problem.Therefore among the other new water resources alternatives , Turkey’s  Peace Pipeline Project proposal can be worthwile to be considered  again with different lenght and  route .

The Original Project would divert  the water from Seyhan and Ceyhan Rivers ,both national rivers of Turkey ,to the Arab Countries in the Middle East. Daily water transfer capacity of the Project was 6 MCM  that is only a small part of mean  total daily flows of the rivers after Turkey’s use .

The water would deliver through the peace pipeline is not intented to replace,but rather supplement current water supplies in the countries served.The Project had an estimated cost of US $ 20 billion about three decades ago.

In this article ,focusing on Jordan water problems, what risks and challenges associated in the region  any alternative water transfer option  and regional innovative hydro diplomacy   is investigated.

Keywords: Peace Pipeline Project,Middle East,

1.INTRODUCTION

About 32 years ago in 1986 ,Turkish Prime Minister Turgut Özal had proposed a “Peace Pipeline” Project for the Midddle East Water Problems. The Project has drawn considerable attention and caused both negative and positive reactions.Political Feasibility and financing of the Project had been argued more than it’s Technical Feasibility.

Preliminary studies on the Project were initiated in 1986 .The ultimate aim of the Project was much beyond of the supplying  some water to the countries. The Project proposal mainly  aimed to create a process of confidence building and a cooperation environment on water that will help to contrubute to the stability and security of the region

The concept of transfering  water from Turkey to the Midle East,  to promote regional peace and economic development in the Middle East has been a constant in Turkish foreign policy since the late President Turgut Özal in 1986 proposed an extensive ‘Peace Water Pipeline’.

This was a $ 21 billion project to bring vast quantities of water from the Seyhan and Ceyhan Rivers via two pipelines to supply the major cities in Syria, Jordan, and the Arab Gulf states. The pipelines could convey 10 million cubic meters of water every day, which was estimated as sufficient to meet the needs of 15 million persons. The original Turkish proposal also envisioned making some of this water available to Israel(9).

However, when some Arab states objected, Ankara modified its proposal, saying that Israeli participation would have to be deferred until after the conclusion of peace treaties between Israel and its Arab neighbors.It should be noted that unlike the Tigris and Euphrates, the Ceyhan and Seyhan rivers originate and flow entirely within the sovereign territory of Turkey before emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. The pipeline idea was rejected by the oil-rich Gulf states, which Turkey hoped would finance the giant project.(9).

The Saudis contended that desalination was a cheaper solution, since they could fuel flash distillation desalination plants with surplus gas produced.

The Original  Project

The Original Project would divert  the water from Seyhan and Ceyhan Rivers ,both national rivers of Turkey ,to the Arab Countries in the Middle East. Daily water transfer capacity of the Project was 6 MCM  that is only a part of mean  total daily flows of the rivers after Turkey’s use .

 

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The peece water pipeline and innovative Hydro Diplomacy


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Dursun Yıldız

dursun.yildiz@hidropolitikakademi.org

Hidropolitik Uzmanı
İnşaat Mühendisi ve Su Politikaları Uzmanı

1958 yılında Samsun’da doğan Dursun YILDIZ ,İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi İnşaat Fakültesi’nden mezun oldu. Daha sonra DSİ Genel Müdürlüğünde çalışmaya başladı Bu dönemde Hollanda ve ABD de lisansüstü mesleki teknik eğitim ve uygulama programlarına katıldı. ATAUM’da “AB Temel Eğitimi ve “Uluslararası İlişkiler Uzmanlık “Programlarını izledi. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hidropolitik ve Stratejik Araştırma Merkezinde Su Politikaları alanında Yüksek Lisans eğitimini tamamladı.DSİ’ de Teknik Araştırma ve İçmesuyu Dairesi Başkanlıkların da Şube Müdürlüğü ve Daire Başkan Yardımcılığı görevlerinde bulundu. Bu dönem içinde Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi ve Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hidropolitik ve Stratejik Araştırma Merkezinde yarı zamanlı öğretim görevlisi olarak ders verdi..2007 yılında DSİ’den emekliye ayrıldı

Dursun YILDIZ Uğur Mumcu Araştırmacı Gazetecilik Vakfı’nın (UMAG Araştırmacı Gazetecilik Eğitim Programında Su ve Enerji Politikaları alanında 8 yıldır su ve enerji politikaları konusunda konferanslar vermektedir.
TMMOB ve İnşaat Mühendisleri Odasında çeşitli dönemlerde yönetim kurulu üyeliği ve ikinci başkanlık görevlerinde de bulunan Dursun YILDIZ ‘ın mesleki,teknik,teknopolitik ve hidropolitik alanlarında yurtiçi ve yurtdışında yayınlanmış çok sayıda teknik rapor ,bildiri ve makaleleri ve 12 adet rapor ve kitabı vardır.
Dursun YILDIZ Türkiye Ziraatçiler Derneği tarafından Su Politikaları konusundaki araştırmaları nedeniyle “2008 yılı Başarı Ödülü’ne” layık görülmüştür.
Topraksuenerji çalışma grubu üyesi ve TEMA Bilim Kurulu Üyesi ,Sulama Kooperatifleri Merkez Birliği Danışmanı,Sulama Birliği Derneği danışmanı olan Dursun YILDIZ halen kendi Mühendislik ve Müşavirlik firmasını yürütmektedir.

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