Hasan Tatli* and Murat Turkes ¸

Department of Geography, Physical Geography Division, Climatology/Meteorology Group,

Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey

 

ABSTRACT:

Forest fires are the most crucial natural threat to forests and wooded areas. They destroy many more trees than all other natural catastrophes such as parasite attacks, insects, extreme weather events and others. Forest fires, especially in summer and dry autumn/spring periods, are frequent in the Mediterranean basin and represent growing environmental and ecological problems. The aim of this investigation is to determine a climatic pattern of fire-meteorology over the Mediterranean basin via the frequency analysis of the forest fires weather index (FFWI) of Haines. The FFWI values were obtained by using the hourly data derived from reanalysis fields available from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR) for the period 1980 – 2010. High frequency values of FFWI, taken to be a sign of moderate-level risk of forest fires, were obtained on the forests, scrubs, succulents and wooded areas in several countries facing the sea including Greece, Italy, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Macedonia, Albania, Serbia, Slovenia, France, Portugal, Spain, Morocco and Tunisia, almost all of which are characterized by dry summer, subtropical Mediterranean climates. As expected, the highest-level risk values are found in the arid desert climate regions: the desert areas of the Sahara and Libya in North Africa and the semi-arid steppe climate regions of the Middle East, as well as the semi-arid environments near the Caspian Sea basin. Copyright  2013 Royal Meteorological Society

KEY WORDS: fire meteorology; frequency; Haines Index; Mediterranean; dry summer; NCEP/NCAR-reanalysis

Received 10 April 2012; Revised 3 September 2012; Accepted 10 October 2012

For full article please click on

Tatli and Türkes_2013_Climatol evaluation of Haines forest fire index over Mediterranean_Meteorol Appl


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Author

Prof .Dr. Murat Türkeş

1. Family name: Türkeş
2. First names: Murat
3. Date of birth: 23.06.1957
4. Nationality: Turkish
5. Civil status: Married
6. Education: Physical Geography and Geology (under graduate) & Climatology and Meteorology (MSc, PhD)
Institution [ Date from - Date to ] Degree(s) or Diploma(s) obtained:
İstanbul University, Institute of Marine Sciences and
Geography (1986-1990)
PhD in Climatology and Meteorology
Ankara University, Department of Physical
Geography and Geology (1983-1985)
MSc in Physical Geography (on Synoptic Climatology)
Ankara University, Department of Physical
Geography and Geology (1977-1981)
BS in Physical Geography and Geology
7. Present position:
Professor of Physical Geography and Geology & Climatology and Meteorology
Affiliated Faculty at the Department of Statistics
Middle East Technical University (METU), Ankara, Turkey
8. Previous position:
- Representative of the Professors to the Faculty Committee at the Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
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- Full time lecturer and Professor at the Department of Geography of the Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart U niversity
- Member of the Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University University Senate (Senator) on behalf of the Faculty of Sciences and Arts,
- Member of the Scientific Research Commission of the Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University University on behalf of the Faculty of Sciences and
Arts,
- Head of the Department of Geography at the Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale, Turkey.
9. Years within the institute: Nine years at the Department of Geography of the Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart
University, but -in the past- about 23 years for the Turkish State Meteorological Service.
10. Areas of Expertise: Physical geography and geology, climatology and meteorology; climate change and variability; statistical data and time
series analysis of climatological, meteorological, hydrological and climate-related series of observations, drought and desertification with
respect to the climate and climatic variations; forest fires climatology and meteorology; natural disasters; the United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol; energy policies and environmental protection; sustainable development and climate
change.
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11. Professional experience
Date from – Date to Location Institution Position
1 March 2013 – Ankara Affiliated Faculty at the Department of
Statistics, Middle East Technical University
(METU), Ankara, Turkey
Affiliated Professor
14 May 2004 – 31 January 2013 Çanakkale Physical Geography Division, Department of
Geography, Faculty of Sciences and Arts,
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
- Full time lecturer and Professor
[Head of the Department
(October 2004 – February 2010)]
14 December 1981 – 11 May
2004
Ankara Turkish State Meteorological Service, (i)
Department of Weather Forecasts; (ii)
Department of Research and Data Processing
Geomorphologist and
Climatologist
12. Some Peer review journals that I have served as a referee:
- International Journal of Climatology
- Climatic Change
- Quaternary Science Reviews
- Nature
- International Journal of Global Environmental Issues
- Theoretical and Applied Climatology
- Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics
- Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica
- Global and Planetary Change
- Journal of Environmental Management
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- Geological Bulletin of Turkey (Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni, in Turkish)
- ISRN Meteorology
- Open Atmospheric Science Journal
- Advances in Civil Engineering
- Journal of Biology and Life Sciences (BIO)
- Journal of the Aegean Geography (Ege Coğrafya Dergisi, in Turkish)
- Journal of Ecology (Ekoloji Dergisi, in Turkish)
- Journal of Climatology
- Technical Journal of Environment, Science and Technology (Çevre, Bilim ve Teknoloji Teknik Dergi, in Turkish)
- Journal of Geographical Sciences (Coğrafi Bilimler Dergisi, in Turkish)
- Ankara University Journal of Environmental Sciences (Ankara Üniversitesi Çevre Bilimleri Dergisi, in Turkish)
- Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi
- Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi
- Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi
- Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi