Aral Gölünde Ne Oldu , Göl Şimdi  Ne Durumda ?

 

Dursun Yıldız

ÖZET

2011 Yılında Sn Büyükelçimiz (E) ve  Hidropolitik Akademi Kurucu Üyesi  M. Nuri Yıldırım ile gerçekleştirdiğimiz Orta Asya teknik gezimizde  Aral Gölüne kadar gittik. Kızılorda kentinden çıktıktan 2 saat sonra  Aral gölüne bizi götüren toprak yol  boyunca bir gölün kurumasının çevreye verdiği  büyük hasara tanık olmaya başladık. Aral’dan sular çekilirken çevresindeki ekolojik dengeyi de alıp götürmüştü.  Bölgedeki sert rüzgarlar nedeniyle göl ve çevresinde bulunan tuz ve ilaçlar çok endişe verici bir şekilde yayılmış,bu sorun 500 km uzakta bulunan Özbekistan’ın başkenti Taşkent’te de hissedilmişti.Bu makalede bu teknik gezimizde elde ettiğimiz verileri de kullanarak bugüne kadar yaşanan gelişmeleri analiz ettim. Aral Gölü’nün geri dönüp dönmeyeceği sorusuna cevap aradım.

Anahtar Kelimeler : Aral Gölü, Çevre Felaketi, Sulama Yönetimi

 

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Author

Dursun Yıldız

dursun.yildiz@hidropolitikakademi.org

Civil Engineer-Expert on Hydropolitics

He was born in Samsun in 1958. He was graduated from İstanbul Technical University Civil Engineering Faculty in 1981. After completing his military service in 1983 he began to work in State Hydraulic Works Technical Research and Quality Control Department. While working here he participated graduate professional education and investigation programs in Holland and USA Bureu of Reclamation and US Army Corps of Engineers.

In 1998 he participated first “EU Master Education” program and later “International Affairs Proficiency” program in Ankara University European Union Research and Application Center. In 2000 he completed his MS thesis in the topic of water politics in Hacettepe University Hydropolitics and Strategy Research Center.
He worked for five years as the section head and for following 10 years as department deputy Director in State Hydraulic Works Technical Research and Quality Control Department. During this period he published more than 100 technical and scientific reports and papers. Then he worked as the department Deputy Director in State Hydraulic Works Domestic Water Supply Department and worked at the Planning and Investigation Department of the same institution and retired in 2007.

Dursun YILDIZ while working in State Hydraulic Works he lectured in the topics of water works in Gazi University Engineering and Architectural Faculty, Civil Engineering Department and water resources and hydropolitics in Hacettepe University, Hydropolitics and Strategy Research Center.

Dursun YILDIZ worked also as a executive committee member , Vice President in Chamber of Civil Engineers and Vice President of Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects .

Dursun YILDIZ, experienced in water,hydro energy management and consultancy for 25 years, wrote ten books and besides published several papers and technical reports in the topics of water engineering and hydroenergy in national and international periodicals.
He has awarded Successful Water Resarcher Prize of Year of 2008 by Agriculturers Associations of Türkiye .

He is a member of Scientific Commitee of Turkish Foundation for Combating Soil Erosion (TEMA).

He is a member of Water-Soil-Energy Working Group that has followed development of water,soil and energy sectors since 2009. He is head of Ada Hydro-Energy , Strategy & Engineering Consultancy Co. Since 2007

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