27 April 2017
The Hydropolitics Association’s experts visited to Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to investigate water management problems related with climate change and transboundary waters in last five years. After this technical visit, some books, reports and articles on transboundary water issues in the Central Asia have been published by these experts.
This time, we as Hydropolitics Association decided to study about water problems in Central Asia focusing more practical problems like salined agricultural lands problem that lowland countries are generally faced in the region.
Increasing agricultural land salinization can be identified as the most important issue among the priority areas related with water,food,energy,and envirionment in Uzbekistan. Therefore it can be noted that “salinization of a country’s agricultural land” should be taken into account as the most important threat for the food security and sustainable development of the country.
Uzbekistan is in the progress of developing. But the country is in a challange to agricultural land salinity problem. 60% of the population of the country still live in rural area and highly depend on agricultural sector.
Different alternatives to tackle salinity problems in salined agricultural lands are under consideration in the Central Asia as well as in the Uzbekistan . Among the alternatives , reclamation approaches to treating saline soils involve leaching (flushing) of the soil with clean/relatively pure water. Sufficient water must be applied to dissolve the excess salts that have accumulated and cause them to percolate/flow out of the soil profile, particularly the root zone. To accomplish this leaching of salts, adequate drainage is requisite.
This alternative is not easily applicable in the region because of water shortage and high initial cost of drainage systems.
In other words ,soil protective technologies and methods for soil water-salt regime regulation under conditions of shallow groundwater level, reducing water consumption and harmful effects of salts are expensive and difficult solutions.
Therefore salt tolerant plants may bring more applicable solution in the salted agricultural lands.Salt-tolerant species are able to grow in saline soils. Therefore growing non-conventional salt-tolerant crops and developing intensive animal farming and livestock ındustry ın related with expanding salined land agriculture would be an efficient solution for the region.
A very intensive biosaline agricultural production in the context of growing food for Livstock Industry which results in the development of large-scale livestock farm and related industry is a recommendable solution. Main emphasis of the work to contribute to this paradigm would be through the realization of the following outputs:
- Institutional capacities strengthened for coping with salted soil with the introduction of an appropriate framework, focusing on growing suitable crops to industrial livestock production.
- Improving an appropriate development strategy with water and land resources
- Institutional capacities strengthened on irrigation modernization for improved irrigation water delivery services
Raising awarenes about dramatically increasing soil salinization and support a socio-economic development plan based on the sustainable use of the salined land resources and improve Livestock production in livestock farms and livestock industry.
Intensive animal farming and industrial livestock production based on the biosaline agricultere in Uzbekistan will be an innovative development strategy that brings several benefits to the country as well as the Central Asia.
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